Art, Exemplars and Consensus
Aesthetic perception creates meaning and content in a special way. Attention is directed to what the experience is like in a way that converts the experience into an exemplar representation of meaning. The exemplar both represents and exhibits what the meaning is like. Disagreement about meaning and value is robust in critical discourse. The individual confronts the problem of revising what she accepts about the meaning and value of the work. Her judgment must be based on self-trust in what she concludes. There is, however, a critique of individual judgment in terms of social consensus as a mathematical average of the weights individuals give as respect to the judgment of others to avoid idiosyncratic error. Collective wisdom aggregates individual self-trust in an interpersonal loop.*
*Cf. Keith Lehrer, Art, Self and Knowledge, (New York: Oxford University Press), Ch. 10.